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UC Berkeley School of Law Library UC Berkeley School of Law Library BerkeleyLaw Library

Refugee Law: Country Conditions/Country of Origin: National Law

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You may need to locate the domestic law of different countries.  For example: constitutions, criminal codes or legislation, nationality or citizenship laws, laws related to gender or group, and more. 

Important note: Domestic laws may not be translated into English and may not be available electronically in the vernacular.

Research Guides

Guide are good starting places for "foreign" law research.  They may point you to sources and help you better understand the legal system.

By specific country:

By region:

To locate more research guides for a particular jurisdiction or region, use a web search engine and do the following: [name of jurisdiction] legal research guide.  

Also, use this internet portal to look for other websites:


There are many ways to locate national constitutions in both English and in the vernacular.

The library has many books containing the text of constitutions as well as commentary on constitutional law issues.  Try a keyword search, such as constitutional and Canada.  Search using the subject: constitutional law -- [name of country].



For country specific sources, consult the guides noted above.  The library subscribes to many databases for national laws of other countries, see the database list: Beck Online (Germany), Chinalawinfo, DeJure (Italy), SCC Online (India), v-Lex (many countries, like Spain and Mexico), NatLaw World (Latin and South America).  Most of these databases are in the vernacular.



You can use a court's web site for access to cases, but these sites can be more effective.

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